Effects of nitrogen applied on wheat straw on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yields in western Oregon

  • 58 Pages
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  • English
Wheat., Nitrogen fertili
Statementby John Anthony Caputo.
The Physical Object
Pagination[9], 58 leaves, bound :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14270399M

Tests of amounts and times of application of nitrogen and of sequential sprays of aphicide and fungicides on winter wheat, following either beans or wheat, and the effects of take-all (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici), on two varieties at Saxmundham, Suffolk –3.

Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge97 – Cited by: Generally, nitrogen applied in the spring at seeding is usually more effective for increasing wheat yields and/or protein content than adding nitrogen in the fall.

However, there are exceptions. In dry areas, where seedbed quality and moisture conservation are a major concern, spring applications have the disadvantage of deeply working the soil.

Application of wheat straw BC at relatively higher application rates led to the reduction of available Cd and Pb forms in rice paddy soils (Fig. 6 and Table 2).According to the published literature, the wheat straw was the most widely used feedstock for BC (39 observations) for reducing the available Cd by % and Pb by % with medium to very large effects of − and − E.

Effect of wheat straw application on ammonia volatilization from urea applied to a paddy field Article (PDF Available) in Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 94(1) September with Reads. Effects of foliar-applied nitrogen fertilizer on oilseed rape (Brassica napus Chemical suppression of the sexual stage of Leptosphaeria maculans on oil-seed rape and turnip seed crop straw.

Annals of Applied Biology The effect of late-season urea spraying on grain yield and quality of winter wheat cultivars under low and high basal Cited by: 3.

Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was grown for 4 years in multi-factorial field trials at Rothamsted, southern nine elite commercial cultivars (primarily short-straw) were grown including those released in the UK over a year period, a selection of continental varieties, and three older, tall varieties.

The aim of this work was to study the yield and nutritional characteristics of winter wheat hay. A selection of cultivars recommended for three main purposes: grain, whole plant (biomass) and dual purpose (grain and biomass) production were cultivated and harvested from heading to grain dough stages.

Description Effects of nitrogen applied on wheat straw on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yields in western Oregon PDF

Yield dry weight (YDW), dry matter (DM) and undigested neutral detergent fiber (uNDF. Abstract. An earlier paper (Macdonald et al., ; J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge)) presented data from a series of field experiments in which 15 N-labelled fertilizers were applied in spring to winter wheat, winter oilseed rape, potatoes, sugar beet and spring beans grown on four different soils in SE England.

Part of this N was retained in the soil and some remained in crop residues on. Effect of tillage and straw management on nitrogen transformation in soils was investigated in a laboratory incubation study. In sandy loam, grain yield of wheat with straw mulch-zero-till (ZT) was 7% higher compared to when residues were burnt-ZT but it was similar to straw burnt-conventional till (CT), averaged across 3 years.

The insights gained from the long-term impacts of tillage and N fertilization on soil fertility are crucial for the development of sustainable cropping systems. The objectives of this study were to quantify the effects of 75 years of tillage and N fertilization on macronutrients in soil and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tissues grown in a winter wheat–summer fallow rotation.

This study was conducted with the aim of finding humic acid and crop residues effects on soil and wheat nitrogen at New Development Farm, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan during winter The experiment was laid out in RCB design having four replications.

Different levels (1,2 and kg ha-1) of Humic acid were applied at sowing time. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of cropping sequence (#1: continuous vs rotational), fertilization (#2: mineral vs organic) and straw management in the case of continuous wheat (#3: removal vs incorporation) on the yield stability of winter wheat; yield risk (the probability of yield falling below a threshold.

Short-term immobilisation and crop uptake of fertiliser nitrogen applied to winter wheat: effect of date of application in spring. Plant and Soil – Recous, S., Fresneau, C., Fauric, G.

and Mary, B. The fate of labelled 15 N urea and ammonium nitrate applied to a winter wheat crop. Nitrogen transformations in the soil. Winter wheat works well in mixtures with other small grains or with legumes such as hairy vetch.

It is an excellent nurse crop for frostseeding red clover or sweetclover, if rainfall is sufficient. In the Corn Belt, the legume is usually sown in winter, before wheat’s vegetative growth resumes.

Removal and Recovery of Nitrogen by Rice and Wheat. Nitrogen uptake by rice was significantly increased by the application of FN and GM. Mean 3‐yr total N uptake by rice grain and straw was 47 kg ha −1 in the control (FN 0), 84 kg ha −1 in FN 60, kg ha −1 in FNkg ha −1 in GM 20 and kg ha −1 in the GM 40 treatments.

In this study, four soft red winter wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L., IL, MD05W, OH and Sisson) were grown under three different nitrogen regimes (high, medium, and. The experimental treatments at the research site were (1) no-tillage with straw removal for winter wheat and summer maize (NT), (2) no-tillage with straw mulching for winter wheat and summer maize.

Nitrogen can be applied at high rate of kg N/ha to any wheat variety without having adverse effect on the recommended yield.

These results agree with the findings of Gandapur and Bhatti (), Rustam and Yasin (), and Bakhsh et al.(), who reported that by increasing the level of nitrogen, the grain yield was also increased. The effects of straw disposal and depth of cultivation on the growth, nutrient uptake and yield of winter wheat on a clay and a silt soil.

Soil Use and Management. 7 (4), pp.

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Studies on the patterns of nitrogen uptake and translocation to the grain of winter barley intended for malting. At a higher nitrogen rate of kg N ha-1 the protein percent difference was and % between the single and the three level split nitrogen applications in wheat crop.

Although the effects of split application of nitrogen tend to be variable, the literature indicates that the later applied nitrogen tends to be more effective in increasing. A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of irrigation regimes and nitrogen levels on the growth and yield of wheat cv.

Kanchan (Triticum aestivum L.). The experiment includes two factors such as four irrigation regimes and four nitrogen levels. Three farmer’s fields were selected for experimentation as replication. Nitrogen fertilizer usage is a special case because not only are GHG emissions associated with its manufacture and the operations used to apply it, but direct emissions of N 2 O from the soil are also associated with the use of N fertilizers.

Details Effects of nitrogen applied on wheat straw on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yields in western Oregon EPUB

Ammonium nitrate is the most common form of nitrogen fertilizer used on wheat in the UK (Anonymous, ).The GHG emissions associated with. The effects of different kinds of crop residues on cereal yield and nitrogen uptake have not been studied.

A two-year () field experiment was aimed to study the effect of four crop (cotton, alfalfa, wheat and maize) residues with different C:N ratios and compare them with pure urea and a control treatment, on soil N concentration (as nitrate + ammonia) and total N accumulation in the.

Shen QR, Shen ZG () Effects of pig manure and wheat straw on growth of mung bean seedlings grown in aluminium toxicity soil. Biores Tech Wells A, Chan K, Cornish P () Comparison of conventional and alternative vegetable farming systems on the properties of a yellow earth in New South Wales.

Agric Ecosyst Environ   In the winter wheat fields, The SOM was shown to increase by g kg −1 when wheat and corn straw was applied Effects of nitrogen fertilizer and water management practices on nitrogen.

Nitrogen applied to the second wheat crop in Avenue field (–) was slightly delayed due to low temperatures and snow recorded at the site in late March There were significant fertilizer type and N application rate effects on grain yield (P.

Nitrogen inputs, TOC (total organic C), and TN (total N) The actual annual N inputs from the crop residue biomasses are summarized in Table annual N input from the residue biomass (including stubble and roots) into the soil was kg N ha −1 y −1 for NT.

The annual N inputs in the straw retention treatments, which included stubble, straw, and roots, were kg N ha −1 y −1. The effect of mulching with straw, white plastic film and black plastic film for improving soil water storage and on the soil properties was examined in a wheat-maize rotation system on Loess soil in northwestern China.

All the mulches improved the water storage to some extent and led to warmer soils. Nitrogen and phosphorus effects on water use efficiency of spring wheat grown in a semi-arid region of the Canadian prairies. Can. Soil Sci. – Water use efficiency (WUE) has often been analyzed for semiarid environments, but fallow-containing.

Currently grown wheat cultivars require high inputs of nitrogen fertilizer and agrochemicals to achieve high yields combined with the protein content required for breadmaking. For example, UK farmers currently apply – kg N ha −1 in order to achieve the 13% protein content required for the Chorleywood Breadmaking Process, which is the.

Abstract In a field experiment at Faisalabad, Pakistan conducted during winterthe effect of three sowing dates December 1, 15 and 30 on three wheat .The aim of the study carried out under field conditions was to evaluate the effect of differentiated phosphorus and potassium fertilization level on nutritional status of winter wheat at stem elongation (BBCH 31) and flowering (BBCH 65) development stages as well as on macronutrient contents in yield obtained (grain and straw).

The research was conducted inwithin an individual.Design 2 was carried out in /6 at Terrington (TT06) on a silty clay loam using winter wheat cv.

Claire and at ADAS Rosemaund (521°N, 25°W) (RM06) on a silty clay loam using winter wheat cv. Alchemy. Nitrogen and fungicide treatments were fully randomized and each treatment combination was replicated three times.